• Fri. Sep 30th, 2022

The general election is approaching – and the result may be a left-wing government – see the latest poll from 21 May here.

Certain parties support Danish recognition of Palestinian state
Several Danish parties are in favor of a unilateral recognition of a Palestinian state here and now. You can read about the Socialist People’s Party (SF), the Alternative (ALT) and the Unity List (EL) in MIFF’s articles up to the 2019 parliamentary elections here. In addition, there are wings of the Social Democrats (S) who support the recognition of a Palestinian state. In the Radical Left (RV) resolution from 2018, the party demands that the EU countries jointly recognize a Palestinian state.

Political demand for recognition reached its peak in 2011-2018
Especially in the period 2011-2018, the above-mentioned parties repeatedly tried to get the Danish government to recognize a Palestinian state. A quick search on the Folketing’s website also shows that the parties during the period have been extremely busy putting pressure on the government.

Opposite statements from Thorning-Schmidt’s government
In 2015, Søren Espersen from the Danish People’s Party (DF) asked questions to then prime minister, Helle Thorning-Schmidt (S) on the basis of the government’s opposing announcements about a Danish recognition of a Palestinian state.

On the Folketing’s website, DF’s questions to the Prime Minister and the Prime Minister’s answers can be read in their full length – here is a short excerpt:

Qs. no. S 555
1) To the Prime Minister by: Søren Espersen (DF):
“In the Folketing’s Question Time on 4 November 2014, the Prime Minister stated in his reply to the SF’s chairman on Danish recognition of Palestine: “We want a two-state solution, and we want a negotiated solution to the conflict. And as soon as there is a two-state solution, we are, of course, ready to recognize Palestine.” of Resolution no. B 21) as in several other public contexts (by many, including Politiken, 11 December 2014), however, the Minister of Foreign Affairs has an opposite view of what the Government’s policy is, stating that : “A peace agreement is no longer necessary for Danish recognition of a Palestinian state”.

Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt’s reply :
“I must say to Mr Søren Espersen that I am not aware of such a proclamation on the part of the Foreign Minister. I am fully aware of, what the Foreign Minister has said on the question of whether we should recognize Palestine now, and it is very clear: No, we should not. The time is not right to recognize Palestine, and that is not an end in itself. the situation that may be on the ground, and we can not rule out that even in a future scenario there will be a situation where we, together with other EU countries with whom we discuss this issue a lot, will find it expedient In order to create a viable Palestinian state, it can be part of a two-state solution soon. I do not want to stand and exclude scenarios, but I think that the most important thing for Mr Søren Espersen and the Danish Parliament is , where we stand here and now.And we are not in a situation where we want to recognize Palestine now. “

Will Mette Frederiksen be able to cope with the pressure?
At the time, the Prime Minister came up with a clear answer – namely that the preconditions for recognizing Palestine were not yet present. Regardless of the discussions between the parties in the Folketing, it is crucial that our Prime Minister insists that Palestine cannot be approved by Denmark prior to a fully negotiated agreement between Israel and the Palestinians.

If Mette Frederiksen becomes Denmark’s next prime minister after the parliamentary elections on 5 June – we must hope that she, like Thorning-Schmidt, will be able to withstand the pressure that will surely come from parties such as EL, SF and RV.

Below we briefly outline why Denmark and the EU – should refrain from recognizing Palestine.

Recognition without a peace agreement will hurt worse

We can not predict the future, but Palestine has already been recognized as a state by 137 countries, which has not stopped the bloodshed – on the contrary. EU / Denmark recognition will probably exacerbate the situation: Palestinian terrorist groups will continue to attack Israel, Israel will defend itself against them and the spiral of violence will continue.

There is no doubt that recognizing Palestine without the Palestinian leadership’s recognition of Israel’s right to exist will prevent future peace talks. This is primarily due to the fact that unilateral recognition of Palestine is a violation of international law. Unfortunately, 137 countries have already violated international law, which is both thought-provoking and worrying.

Violation of international law
Until otherwise agreed, the Oslo Accords (1993-1995) and the “Middle East Quartet Roadmap” (2002) form the framework for how the peace process between the parties is to take place. This means that the agreements are both the internationally recognized framework for the peace processes and international law. On 5 February 2011, the Middle East Quartet stated that unilateral action by one of the parties prior to a negotiated agreement would not determine the outcome of the negotiations and: “will not be recognized by the international community”. In other words, a large part of the international community is against the 137 countries’ recognition of Palestine.

The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians contains several unresolved issues – first and foremost Jerusalem, refugees, borders, settlements, security and water. Therefore, the recognition of a Palestinian state does not resolve the differences between the parties.

Lawyer Peter Wertheim goes in depth with the topic of the analysis: “Recognizing a Palestinian State before a Peace Agreement with Israel Undermines the International Rule of Law” (Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, 2017-08-07).

International law states that border disputes can only be resolved by the parties to the conflict. A solution between countries in conflict with each other cannot be enforced by actors who are not part of the conflict. Neither Oslo, Washington, New York, Geneva, Brussels nor Copenhagen can determine where the border between Israel and a possible Palestinian state is located.

Israel and the Palestinian Authority have concluded more than 40 bilateral agreements. If a Palestinian state is created without a negotiated agreement – most of the bilateral agreements already concluded between the parties will lapse. If other countries contribute to it – it will undermine the integrity of international law.

Recognition of Palestine before there is a negotiated agreement does not solve anything. The recognition of Palestine does not promote peace and will not stop the legal occupation – on the contrary, a recognition will open a newt chapter in the long conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.

Read evt. our in-depth analysis


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