On Friday, EU Foreign Minister Josep Borrell stated after a meeting with the foreign ministers that Israel’s plans to annex the Jordan Valley should be slowed down with “all diplomatic tools”, but avoid unilateral measures against Israel, writes Jyllands Posten.
Israel’s new coalition government was sworn in on Sunday, May 17, and reportedly plans to present an annexation plan on July 1. The government agreement allows the annexation process to continue from that date.
A small group of EU countries, including France, have stated that they will threaten Israel with sanctions if they move forward with the plan of annexation. Luxembourg believes that the EU approach to Israel must be consistent.
According to a diplomat, however, France changed its tone during the EU meeting, writes Jyllands Posten.
The Danish government rejects sanctions against Israel.
– No, I do not think we should start threatening something. The important thing is to send a clear signal, says Foreign Minister Jeppe Kofod (S).
Denmark, like most EU member states, will send a clear message to Israel whether they must comply with the EU’s interpretation of international law, which they do not believe allows for annexation. Few EU countries adopt a softer line.
– As a good friend of Israel, and as someone who believes in a two-state solution and has always worked for it, I would strongly warn against ideas that could undermine it, says Kofod.
The Foreign Minister welcomes the “Israeli Government” and “looks forward to constructive cooperation”.
– The whole focus should be on getting the peace process back, so we can see hope, some negotiations and a peace solution on the horizon, says Kofod.
After the meeting, Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn refused to talk about sanctions, but he wants the EU to recognize a Palestinian state, as Sweden and some Eastern European countries have already done.
Asselborn has stated that he believes Israel’s annexation should be compared to Russia’s annexation of Crimea.
However, the Danish Foreign Minister has a different opinion:
– I do not want to make any comparison. I can only say that international law is ready. You must not annex occupied areas, says Kofod.
– This is the foundation, and it is the prerequisite for us to have a sustainable two-state solution. So Israel can live in peace and security, because they have the right to do so, and so Palestinians can have their state, because they also have the right to do so, says Kofod.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas says the comparison with Russia is inappropriate because of dialogue with Israel.
Watch the EU video conference here.
MIFF puts some factual information in place
- A Palestinian has already been recognized by at least 137 countries, without it has not stopped the violence – on the contrary. EU / Denmark recognition will probably worsen the situation and Palestinian terrorist groups will continue to attack Israel, Israel will defend itself against them and the violence will continue .
- Recognition of a Palestinian state should not take place until the Palestinian leadership recognizes Israel’s right to exist as a Jewish state. Unilateral recognition of a Palestinian state is a violation of international law. Unfortunately, at least 137 countries have violated international law – it is both thought-provoking and worrying.
- Unless otherwise agreed, the Oslo Accords (1993-1995) and the “Middle East Quartet Roadmap” (2002) form the framework for the peace process between the parties.. The agreements thus constitute both the internationally recognized framework for the peace processes and international law. On 5 February 2011, the Middle East Quartet stated that unilateral action by one of the parties prior to a negotiated agreement would not determine the outcome of the negotiations and “will not be recognized by the international community”. In other words, a large part of the international community is against the 137 countries’ recognition of a Palestinian state.
- Issues such as Jerusalem, refugees, borders, settlements, security and water have not been resolved between Israel and the Palestinians. Therefore, the recognition of a Palestinian state will not resolve the differences between the parties.
Lawyer Peter Wertheim goes in depth with the topic of the analysis: “Recognizing a Palestinian State before a Peace Agreement with Israel Undermines the International Rule of Law”.
International law states that border disputes can only be resolved by the parties to the conflict . Therefore, a solution between countries in conflict with each other cannot be enforced by other actors.
Israel and the Palestinian Authority have concluded more than 40 bilateral agreements. If a Palestinian state is created without a negotiated agreement, the majority of the agreements already concluded will lapse. If other countries contribute to it – it will undermine the integrity of international law.
Israeli settlements are NOT in violation of international law
Israeli settlements are not illegal under international law. Recognition of a Palestinian state does not promote peace and will not stop Israel’s legal settlements – on the contrary, recognition will open a new chapter in the long-running conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.
See also MIFF’s Zoom meeting with the Norwegian lawyer Ragnar Hatlem who has written the book Palestine – Israel’s Historical and International Legitimacy :