The Jewish population in Europe has fallen to less than 10 percent, new report states – this is the lowest level since the year 1170.
At the time of writing, the number of Jews living in Europe is the same as it was at the first global census of Jews, conducted by Benjamin of Tudela, a Jewish traveler in the year 1170, according to the report, published by the think tank Institute for Jewish Policy Research (JPR).
According to the report prepared by Daniel Staesky (JPR) and Sergio della Pergola, an expert in Jewish demography, the proportion of Jews who today identify as Jews in Europe has fallen by almost 60 percent over the course of 50 years.
Today, 1.3 million people live there. Jews in Europe against 3.2 million. in 1970, according to data covering EU Member States, the United Kingdom, Turkey and Russia.
The report is based on census data and data collected by the Jewish congregations.
According to the report, much of the population decline can still be traced back to the Holocaust.
– While the demographic impact of the Shoah (Holocaust) is not reviewed in detail in the report, it should be borne in mind that its aftermath continues to have a major impact on the Jewish population composition and trends. The consequences of the Holocaust continue to have a major impact on Jewish community and Jewish life in modern Europe. By 1945, Europe’s share of Jews in the world had dropped to 35% and dropped further to 26% in 1970 – by 2020 it stands at 9%. The percentage decline was mainly felt in Eastern Europe, where the proportion of Jews fell from 26% in 1945 to 17% in 1970 and again to 2% in 2020. According to the report, Western Europe has kept its share of Jews globally more constant – from 9% in 1945 to 7% in 2020.
Out of the approximately 15 million Jews in the world, there live almost seven million. Jews in Israel and close to six million. Jews in the United States.
In Denmark there are about 6,000 Jews – the exact number is not known as the Danes’ religious affiliation is not registered.
See timeline for Jewish history in Denmark here. Read a more detailed review of the history of the Jews in Denmark here.
See also more detailed review of the report in the Ha’aretz newspaper.